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Sunday, September 26, 2021

Propagation of Dandelion

Introduction-

Dandelion is an herb with yellow flowers. Taraxacum officinale is the most common variety of this plant, and it grows in many parts of the world that is native to Europe.

There are about 30 species of dandelion all over the world, and all are beneficial. The perennial dandelion grows freely wherever it can find a bit of earth and a place in the sun. Dandelion’s nutritive and medicinal qualities have been known for centuries. Dandelion is a nutritive herb rich in potassium, calcium, and lecithin, with iron, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, proteins, silicon, boron, and zinc. Dandelion provides several B vitamins along with vitamins C and E as well as vitamin P. Chemical constituents in the leaf include bitter glycosides, carotenoids , terpenoids, choline, potassium salts, iron, and other minerals. The root also has bitter glycosides, tannins, triterpenes, sterols, volatile oil, choline, asparagine, and inulin. (Encyclopaedia)

In most parts of the world, dandelion is known as weed.

People use the leaves, stem, flower, and root of the dandelion for medicinal purposes.

Propagation Methodology-

1). Gather or purchase some seeds-

Dandelions grow wild and you can easily harvest their seeds when the plant is in the seed phase. This is when the top of the plant looks like a puffball. Each of the little feathery strands has a seed attached to it, so you can collect these in a bag or other small container and take them home for planting.

2).Choose a sunny location to grow your dandelions-

  • Dandelions do best when they have full sunlight for a large part of the day, so choose a sunny location in your garden
  • If you will mainly be using dandelions for their leaves, then growing them in partial shade is a better option. This will help to reduce the bitterness of the leaves and the number of flowers it produces

3).Sow the seeds for flowers or greens-

Sow your dandelion seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep in your seedbed in mid- to late spring. The dandelion seed will need to be 6 inches (15 cm) apart for flowers and 2 to 3 inches (5.1 to 7.6 cm) apart for greens. Flowers will need more room than baby dandelion greens because they will have deeper roots. Measure the distance between your seeds to ensure that they will have plenty of room

  • Leave the seeds uncovered if you are planting indoors.
  • You will not need to worry about the seeds getting blown out. Dandelions do best in a shallow bed.
  • Do not plant your dandelions in an area with poor drainage or a tightly packed soil, such as clay.
  • Use a garden fork to loosen the soil before you plant if it is tightly packed. Use a loosely packed potting soil with added compost as the growing medium or an all-purpose vegetable fertilizer to the soil. Though dandelions tend to grow well in even low-quality soil, they respond best to fertile soil.
  • Dandelion seeds require a great deal of light to germinate, so do not cover the seeds with soil.

4).Water the dandelions regularly-

  • However, do not water them too much.
  • Water just enough so that the soil feels moist.
  • Check the soil by poking your finger into it once every 2 to 3 days.
  • If the soil feels moist, then they do not need water yet. If it feels dry, then give them some water.
  • Water your dandelion seeds lightly, keeping the top inch of soil moist but not wet.
  • Dandelions grow quickly when well-watered, so it is best to control the amount of water your dandelions get so they do not grow out of control.

5).Growing period-

New dandelion seedlings require between eight and 15 weeks to reach maturity and bloom. The warmer the conditions, the quicker the plant matures and begins flowering. The plant requires as little as eight weeks to grow through the seedling stage and bloom.

6).Seed Maturity-

It takes between nine and 15 days for the dandelion bloom to fully mature into the puffy, ripe seed head. This time frame also depends on the temperature and conditions.

Processing-

There are several ways to dry dandelions for tea. You can simply leave the dandelions out in the sun to dry them and prevent oxidation. Alternatively, you can place them in the oven and roast them. Set the oven to 250 F and roast for 2 to 3 hours.

Once your dandelion flowers have been dried, store them in an airtight glass jar. Keep the jar in a cabinet or cupboard out of direct sunlight. Make sure to store your dried dandelions in a cool, dry place to avoid bacteria growth.

Product

Dandelion root and leaf organic herbal tea, root and leaf powder, roasted root

Dandelion Flower Tea –

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