Introduction- Well, now a days, people are talking about Quinoa Farming. What is quinoa? Quinoa is a grain crop that is grown for its edible seeds and It is pronounced KEEN-wah. It is an annual dicotyledonous plant and grows about 1 to 1.5 meter in height. Quinoa seeds are used as substitute of rice. Quinoa seeds are highly nutritional and have high percent of protein compared to other cereals. The main colours of quinoa are green, purple and red that change in different colour shades during maturation period. Cooked quinoa can be dried which lasts for several weeks. In India, quinoa farming has bright future due to its high protein content and less carbohydrates compared to rice.
Quinoa is incredibly nutritious and healthy.
- Quinoa is gluten free and good for people with gluten intolerance.
- Quinoa is a good source of protein.
- Quinoa is fully loaded with antioxidants.
- Quinoa has a low glycemic index (GI) and excellent for diabetic people.
- Quinoa has very high fiber content when compared to other grains.
- Quinoa is a good source of minerals like magnesium.
- Quinoa is good for metabolic health.
- Quinoa helps in weight management.
Soil and climate requirement- This can be grown in poor soil as well. However the most suited soil for quinoa is sandy loam soil. Soil should have good drainage. The ideal temperature for quinoa cultivation is around 18-20 0Celsius although it withstands temperature extremes ranging from 39 to -8 0Celsius
In India, Andhra Pradesh and Uttarakhand are emerging as the main cultivators of quinoa
Land preparation and Sowing Time-
Land should be given couple of ploughing to make weed free and bring the soil to fine tilth stage. Seeds can be sown from mid-month of April/May
Seed requirement- Around 10-15 kg/acre
Depth- One quarter of inch/ 1-3 cm
Row spacing- 40- 60 cm apart
- Seeds can be directly sown in the field.
- Most appropriate plant density is 100-150 plants per square meter area
- Quinoa start emerging after a week
Manure & fertilizer- It requires low nutrient so only cow dung (FYM) would be efficient during land preparation
Irrigation- Irrigation should be regular during emerging, flowering and seed emerging period
- Usually Quinoa crop will be ready for harvesting after 3-4 months of sowing
- Harvesting can be done in month of August- September when leaf turns yellow and dried.
- Harvesting techniques should be like mustard
- It can be harvested using standard header or sorghum header
Quinoa grains that contain appropriate grain should be separated by from impurities. The separated grains can be stored in dry or cool place
Yield – Average 500-1500 kg/Acre