Assessing the Impact and Challenges of Global Climate Change Summits on Consumer Behavior and Government Policies

This analysis highlights the necessity of ongoing initiatives to guarantee that the influence of international climate change summits transcends rhetoric and results in useful, constructive adjustments to consumer and governmental policy.

By Aarav Khullar


Global climate change summits are crucial for influencing policy and increasing environmental awareness among the general public. Their impact on how consumers behave and how policies are subsequently implemented remains a crucial area of study. This case study examines the intricacies of climate change summits and how they impact both individual consumer behavior and governmental decision-making. By looking at significant elements like information sharing, behavioral shifts, and policy adoption, I hope to shed light on the challenges of translating summit outcomes into practical actions.

The Critical Need for Climate Action

The threat posed by climate change needs to be addressed right now. Global climate change summits are essential forums for communication, cooperation, and dedication as the world struggles with warming temperatures, severe weather, and ecological upheavals. To address urgent environmental issues, these summits bring together industry leaders, scientists, activists, and policymakers. Nevertheless, there is still a disconnect between summit declarations and their actual impact in the real world, even with the large resources poured into these events.

The Paris Agreement

An important turning point in the battle against climate change was reached with the 2015 Paris Agreement. It sought to keep the rise in global temperatures well below 2°C over pre-industrial levels and to actively pursue efforts to keep them below 1.5°C. 186 countries signed the agreement. Governments set lofty goals, but the difficult part is putting these promises into practice through policies and behavioral adjustments.

Consumer Behavior

Customers have a huge influence on how climate action is taken. Emissions are directly impacted by their decisions, whether they are making purchases, implementing sustainable practices, or holding people accountable. 61% of global income is earned by households that make up only 21% of the world’s total population, according to Global Demographics. High-income consumers have a large carbon footprint if they spend $38,000 or more a year. Thus, it is imperative that all affluent, high-spending consumers choose, purchase, and utilize products in a manner consistent with climate goals. We, as consumers, need to understand the connection between our actions and how they affect the environment. We can drive the change we so desperately need by purchasing more products that are environmentally conscious.

Challenges in Implementation

  1. Despite summit declarations, governments frequently fail to convert overarching climate goals into precise, workable policies. Effective implementation is hampered by the unclear situation.
  2. Consumers show behavioral inertia when it comes to habit changes. Many people nevertheless engage in non-sustainable behaviors despite greater awareness because they can’t find any other options or because they are too convenient.
  3. Industries with strong interests oppose policy changes that could affect their bottom line. It’s still difficult to strike a balance between environmental preservation and economic growth.
  4. It is crucial to inform the public of the summit’s conclusions. However difficult, scientific information frequently does not make its way to common consumers in an understandable way.

Case Studies: Looking at Summit Impact

  1. COP27 (Egypt, 2022):
    • Outcome: Climate financing to developing countries and establishing a dedicated fund for loss and damage. 
    • Impact on Consumers: An Intention-action gap has been observed as per the Harvard review.
    • Policy Implementation: The absence of a mechanism to attain adaptation goals and the lack of accountability for financial commitments have resulted in a standstill.  
  2. COP26 (Glasgow, 2021):
    • Outcome: Pledges to improve climate resilience and expedite the reduction of emissions
    • Impact on Consumers: Increased awareness but little shift in behavior.
    • Policy Implementation: Differs amongst countries; some set high goals and others fall short.
  3. UN Climate Action Summit (2019):
    • Outcome: demands more guarantees.
    • Impact on Consumers: Increased awareness, although changes in behavior are still gradual.
    • Policy Implementation: Contradictory results: while some countries enact stricter legislation, others face resistance


  1. Clear Policy Roadmaps: To achieve the objectives of the summit, governments must offer comprehensive roadmaps. Accountability is promoted, and consumer participation is encouraged through transparency.
  2. Behavioral Nudges: Make sustainable decisions by utilizing behavioral economics. Social norms, defaults, and incentives all have a significant impact on how people behave.
  3. Education and Awareness: Make scientific knowledge more accessible to the general public. Involve community organizations, the media, and schools in the effective dissemination of knowledge.
  4. Collaboration: Encourage cooperation between corporations, governments, and civil society organizations. By working together, we can close the gap between summit rhetoric and practical implementation.

Conclusion: Closing the the Gap

While summits on climate change offer an opportunity for discussion and commitment, the real test of their effectiveness is whether or not intentions are followed through. Policies that encourage sustainable choices must be implemented by governments, and consumers must take an active role in the shift to a greener future. By bridging the gap between summit rhetoric and practical implementation, we can work together to tackle the climate crisis and build a more sustainable planet for future generations.


Article By

Aarav Khullar
He is a 10th-grade student and a passionate badminton player from the vibrant city of Chicago. He is a dedicated advocate for the environment, actively engaging in projects and extracurriculars that contribute to a greener future.

Related Articles

More From Author

Leave a reply

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

SankalpTaru Blog is an initiative to bring nature-based experiential learning to the green enthusiasts. We have put together curated content for people from all backgrounds to take more control of their learning for creating a sustainable lifestyle for themselves and inspiring others to do the same.

Recent Posts