Environmental policies

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    The main aim of agenda 21 was to

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    Agenda 21 aims at achieving global sustainable development. It is an agenda that aims at fighting against environmental damage, poverty, disease through global co-operation on common interests, mutual needs and shared responsibilities.

    Which act was enacted in India in 1972 to provide protection for flora and fauna?

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    The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species.

    How many countries have signed the Kyoto Protocol?

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    There are 192 parties to the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which aims to combat global warming. This total includes 191 states (189 United Nations member states as well as the Cook Islands and Niue) and one supranational union (the European Union).

    The agreement whose goal is to avoid dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to below 2°C and pursuing to limit it to 1.5°C is

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    The Paris Agreement sets out a global framework to avoid dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2°C and pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5°C. It also aims to strengthen countries' ability to deal with the impacts of climate change and support them in their efforts.

    According to the Indian Forest act, the penalty of cutting a tree is

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    Indian Forest Act, 1927 was introduced in India for the management and preservation of forest areas. If any person cuts down a tree due to any reason, without taking permission from the forest department, in that case, the accused shall be punished with a fine of Rs. 500 or six months imprisonment or with both, according to the act’s amendment in 2022.

    The purpose of the Montreal Protocol is

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    The Montreal Protocol is a global agreement to protect the Earth's ozone layer by phasing out the chemicals that deplete it. The landmark agreement entered into force in 1989 and it is one of the most successful global environmental agreements.

    What was one of the targets in PM Modi’s ‘Panchamrit’?

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    India’s 5 point pledge or Panchamrit: 1.To increase its non-fossil fuel energy capacity to 500 GW by 2030. 2.Increase the share of renewables in the energy mix to 50% by 2030. 3.Reduce emissions by 1 billion tonnes of CO2 from now until 2030. 4.Reduce the emissions intensity of its economy by 45% by 2030. 5.Achieve the target of Net-zero by 2070.

    Which of the following is an example of rare earth elements used for clean energy?

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    Industrial demand for rare earth elements is small in terms of volume but they are essential for a wide and growing array of green technology and security uses. REEs are important parts of defense technologies and are also especially critical for the expanding energy efficiency and renewable energy industries. Mainly two REE's are used in electric vehicles; Neodymium (Nd) and Dysprosium (Dy).

    The scheme that is promoting the use of electric mobility is India is called

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    FAME, or Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid and) Electric vehicles, is currently India’s flagship scheme for promoting electric mobility. Currently in its 2nd phase of implementation, FAME-II is being implemented for a period of 3 years, eff. 1st April 2019 with a budget allocation of 10,000 Crore.

    How many SDGs have been adopted by the UN?

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    The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. They recognize that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand-in-hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and spur economic growth – all while tackling climate change and working to preserve our oceans and forests.

    The ‘Leave No One Behind’ pledge promises to

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    Leave no one behind (LNOB) is the central, transformative promise of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It represents the unequivocal commitment of all UN Member States to eradicate poverty in all its forms, end discrimination and exclusion, and reduce the inequalities and vulnerabilities that leave people behind and undermine the potential of individuals and of humanity as a whole.

    Where did PM Modi announce Mission LiFE?

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    Mission Lifestyle for Environmental (LiFE) aims to turn its vision into observable effects. It is intended to motivate at least 1 billion Indians and other global citizens to perform both individual and group actions for environmental protection and conservation between 2022-2028.

    Which country agreed with India for green hydrogen?

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    India and Australia signed Agreements on Migration and Green Hydrogen Task Force. India and Australia continue to deepen their cooperation across various sectors, the signed agreements on migration and the Green Hydrogen task force are expected to pave the way for enhanced collaboration.

    Who has drafted the Green Credit Programme (GCP) ?

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    The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has recently notified the draft ‘Green Credit Programme (GCP)’ implementation rules for 2023. The proposed scheme aims to encourage individuals, industries, farmers, produces, organizations (FPOs), urban local bodies (ULB), gram panchayats, and private sectors, among others, to undertake environment-friendly actions such as planting trees, conserving water, waste management, and reducing air pollution. By participating in these activities, entities can earn tradable “green credits” that will be incentivized through a market-based mechanism.

    Which of the following countries has one of the most rare earth metals in the world?

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    The countries with the most rare earth metals currently are China (the largest reserves in the world), the United States, Brazil, India, Vietnam, Australia, Russia, Myanmar, Indonesia.

    Environmental policies
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